The University of Tartu Tartu Observatory is an institute of the Faculty of Science and Technology of the University of Tartu. The observatory operates under the Universities Act, the University of Tartu Act, its own statute, and other acts.
The principal area of activity of The University of Tartu Tartu Observatory is the research and experimental development on natural sciences to promote science in the fields of astronomy, remote sensing and space technology, provide research-based services in these areas, be a reliable partner in the international networks, train young scientists and extend the natural-scientific worldview.
The University of Tartu Tartu Observatory is a successor of the Tartu University Observatory, founded in 1808, and the Estonian Meteorological Observatory, founded in 1865. Tartu Observatory is also a successor of the Institute of Astrophysics and Atmospheric Physics, established by the Act of the council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR nr 374 on August 22, 1973, and Tartu Observatory which was administered by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research until December 31, 2017. Tartu Observatory is located at Tõravere, Nõo parish.