Horizon 2020 projects
Integrated Activities for the High Energy Astrophysics Domain
AHEAD2020 builds on our previous program, funded in H2020 as starting community, that allowed us to qualify now as advanced community. Our overall objective remains to advance further the integration of national efforts in high-energy astrophysics keeping the community at the cutting edge of science and technology and ensuring that observatories are at the state of the art. At the same time, AHEAD2020 aims at widening its horizons to further integrate activities with the newly born multimessenger astronomy, boosted very recently by the discovery of gravitational waves and cosmic neutrinos and of their first high energy counterparts.
This will be achieved by a new large community of high energy astronomers, gravitational wave and astroparticle scientists. Along the road paved until recently, we will keep strengthening the theorethical efforts, also building up on the results of the observations of multimessenger sources; and continue opening the best infrastructures for data analysis of high-energy space and ground observatories. Furthermore we will integrate key infrastructures for on-ground test and calibration of space-based instrumentation and promote their coordinated use. Technological developments will focus on the improvement of selected detector, optics devices and advanced analysis tools for the benefit of future space missions and ground-based multimessenger facilities, with more emphasis on the observation of the new transient Universe.
AHEAD2020 will support the community via grants for collaborative studies, dissemination of results, and promotion of workshops and a strong public outreach package will ensure that the domain is well publicised at both national and international level. AHEAD will also contribute to the benefit of society and to the growth of the European technology market, with specific studies of devices for cultural heritage, material composition and environmental monitoring, as well as the creation of a new generation of researcher.
Start: 2.3.2020End: 1.3.2024TO budget: 47 000 €Funded by Horizon 2020PI: Jukka Henry Petteri Nevalainen
Project websiteEstonian Research Information System webpage
A New IACS Vision in Action
The discussion on the modernisation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is in full progress and one element is how the CAP will benefit from and stimulate ongoing digitisation of the agricultural sector. Digitisation accelerates a cost-effective administration of CAP payments, the update of CAP instruments, stimulates data (re) use for monitoring the societal benefits of agriculture towards climate, environment and rural development and thus improves the sustainability and competitiveness of the sector.
Administrative bodies from 9 EU Member States join forces to realise a new vision on the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) – the instrument for CAP governance – in this project called: “New IACS Vision in Action” (NIVA). The project is built on an iterative work plan. This ensures fast results, built-in flexibility and greater involvement of stakeholders.
NIVA strives for maximum impact by involving all EU paying agencies and other relevant actors in the stakeholder board, by reserving a substantial budget for supporting third parties and the set-up of an innovation ecosystem that will continue after the project. NIVA manages cross cutting digital innovations as well as standardization issues in dedicated work packages as defining, accepting and defending common standards is exemplifying the desire for collaboration. The nine prime use cases are demonstrated in three waves, from national to multi-national to pan-European, hence underlining our ambition to make a significant contribution to improved digital competences, awareness and innovation at the European scale.
The project’s results are a suite of digital innovations and a roadmap for IACS transformation. The project will speed up innovation, reduce administrative burden, sustain broader and deeper collaboration in an innovation ecosystem and provide methods to establish information flows to improve environmental performance.
Start: 1.6.2019End: 31.05.2022
Funded by Horizon 2020Budget: 113 750 €
Vastutav täitja: Mait Lang
A new hyperspectral radiometer integrated ai automated networks of water and land bidirectional reflectance measurements for satellite validation
A new hyperspectral radiometer integrated ai automated networks of water and land bidirectional reflectance measurements for satellite validation.
Networking of automated instruments on unmanned platforms, e.g. AERONET-OC and RADCALNET, has proved to be the most effective way to provide validation data for Copernicus optical missions. The re-use of data from each site for many optical missions (S2, S3, PROBA-V,MODIS,VIIRS,L8,Pléiades,ENMAP,PRISMA,SABIAMAR,etc.) gives a huge economy of scale. The existing AERONET-OC and RADCALNET networks are based on multispectral instruments, which are expensive to acquire and require modelling associated uncertainties to cover all spectral bands of all sensors. Recent advances in opto-electronics facilitate the use of miniaturized hyperspectral spectrometers, with reduced price. Industrial production of video surveillance cameras greatly reduces the price of pointing systems for scientific instruments. Improved LEDs can provide a stable light source for relative calibration and continuous autonomous monitoring of radiometers. Webcams (for remote inspection of instruments and maintenance support) and data transmission have become cheaper allowing reducing the running costs and improving the reliability of autonomous instrument systems. The objective of the HYPERNETS project is to develop a new lower cost hyperspectral radiometer and associated pointing system and embedded calibration device for automated measurement of water and land bidirectional reflectance. The instrument will be tested in a prototype network covering a wide range of water and land types and operating conditions. Quality controlled data with associated uncertainty estimates will be provided automatically for the validation of all optical satellite missions. Preparations will be made a) for the new instrument design (and associated calibration service) to be commercialized with an expected lifetime of at least 10 years and b) for the networks to be further expanded to become the main source of surface reflectance validation data for all spectral bands of all optical missions for at least the next 10 years.
Coordinator: Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles De BelgiquePartners: UT Tartu Observatory, Consejo Nacional De Investigaciones Cientificas Y Tecnicas (Conicet), Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Helmholtz Zentrum Potsdam Deutschesgeoforschungszentrum Gfz, Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles De Belgique, Npl Management Limited, Universite Pierre Et Marie Curie – Paris 6
Start: 1.02.2018End: 31.01.2022
Total amount: 4 999 233,75 €TO total amount: 2 050 000 €
Physics of extreme massive stars
Massive stars are extreme cosmic engines, enriching their environments with chemically processed material throughout their entire life-time, and triggering star and planet formation. Despite their importance for the cosmic evolution, their evolutionary path up to their deaths as spectacular supernova explosions is most uncertain due to the lack of precise knowledge of the physical mechanisms behind mass eruptions. We wish to establish a multidisciplinary, international network of researchers from Europe, Asia, and South America with expertise in a variety of disciplines, and with background in both theory and observations.
Our ultimate goal is to enlighten the processes that trigger mass loss in massive stars during extreme phases of their evolution. We will develop cutting-edge numerical codes suitable to describe the chemical and dynamical evolution of the stars, their winds, and their large-scale environments. In addition, we will initiate global observing campaigns utilizing facilities at major renowned observatories in combination with our national facilities, and exploit public archives from ground-based and space missions to acquire an outstanding set of urgently needed highest quality data. Confronting predictions from the numerical models with the observations will empower us to derive the first extensive and comprehensive set of precise physical parameters.
The acquired results will significantly enhance our knowledge and lead to major advancements in all related fields. The bulk of exchanges will be undertaken by Early Stage Researchers and young Post-docs, who will be educated and trained in modern observing and data analyzing techniques and in high-performance computation, equipping them with excellent skills for their future careers. We will organize schools and workshops to share knowledge and to communicate and disseminate our results, which will be major breakthroughs and support the leading role of Europe in Astronomy.
Coordinator: Astronomický Ústav Av Čr V.V.I.Partners: UT Tartu Observatory, Georg-August-Universitat Gottingenstiftung Offentlichen Rechts, Koninklijke Sterrenwacht van Belgie, Observatório Nacional, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Shamakhy Astrophysical Observatory of National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Universidad de Valparaiso, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, University of Leeds
Start: 1.1.2019End: 31.12.2022
Budget: 952 200 €TO total amount: 282 200 €
Estonian Research Information System webpageEstonian Research Council's Webpage for Succesful Projects