Characteristic Proof-of-concept of Scientific Grade Miniaturised Multispectral Earth Observation Imager
The objective of this activity is to design, optimize, build and test a scientific grade miniaturised standardised Earth Observation Imager (EOI). The aim is to reach the TRL 3. This unit shall consist of a small, lightweight for two spectral bands using common lens, two sensors, and optical beam splitting technology.
Start date: 08.01.2018End date: 30.11.2022
TO budget: 426 480 €
Estonian Research Information System webpage
Development of Remotely-Sensed Essential Biodiversity Variables (RS/EBVs) for terrestrial ecosystems
GlobDiversity is a global remotely-sensed essential biodiversity variables development project for terrestrial ecosystems. The project is funded by the data user element of the 4th Earth observation envelope program of the European Space Agency (ESA). The project is initiated to perform all the necessary engineering activities for the definition, specification, bench marking, prototyping, validation, scaling up and utility demonstration of three Remote Sensing enabled Essential Biodiversity Variables (RS-enabled EBVs) of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function (i.e., fragmentation, land surface phenology and canopy chlorophyll concentration) from globally available High Resolution (HR) Earth Observation (EO) satellite data. The role of Tartu Observatory in consortium is to add expertise in bridging plant traits to within-canopy light extinction.
Start date: 5.07.2017End date: 2.11.2019
TO budget: 9 500 €
Project webpageEstonian Research Information System webpage
Increasing quality of above water spectral measurements in lakes/turbid waters
Start date: 1.01.2017End date: 31.12.2020
Fiducial reference measurements for satellite ocean colour
The core action of the Fiducial Reference Measurements for Satellite Ocean Colour (FRM4SOC) project is to ensure that ground-based measurements of ocean colour parameters are traceable to SI standards in support of ensuring high quality and accurate Sentinel-2 MSI and Sentinel-3 OLCI products. The FRM4SOC project contributes directly to the work of ESA and EUMETSAT to ensure Sentinel-3 OLCI and Sentinel-2 MSI instruments are validated in orbit.
FRM4SOC consortium is led by Tartu Observatory (TO, Estonia) and includes four partners – Royal Belgium Institute of Natrural Sciences (RBINS, Belgium), National Physics Laboratory (NPL, UK), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML, UK) and ACRI-ST (ACRI, France). The members of the Consortium are selected for their expertise in radiometric calibration, validation and development of MERIS ocean colour and of the activities. The FRM4SOC activities are highly complementary to current FRM and Ocean Colour activities being under taken by the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) to validate Copernicus satellite ocean color data products and safeguarding the standardization of EU radiometric measurements and datasets.
Therefore several collaborative activities between the FRM4SOC Consortium and JRC are planned, which will enhance the outputs for the European Copernicus Observation Program. FRM4SOC includes also external collaborators from Europe and internationally who are major players in the Ocean Colour community and will participate in the comparison exercises and workshops.
Start date: 1.6.2016End date: 31.12.2018
Total amount: 500 000 €
Coordinator: UT Tartu ObservatoryPartners: UT Tartu Observatory, Royal Belgium Institute of Natrural Sciences (RBINS, Belgium), National Physics Laboratory (NPL, UK), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML, UK) and ACRI-ST (ACRI, France)
Implementation of a European Space Education Resource Office (ESERO) in Estonia
The ESERO Estonia project will fulfil the three major objectives of the ESA Education programme, which are inspiring and motivating young people:
1. enhance their literacy and competence in science and technology (STEM), including associated applications;
2. pursue a career in these fields, in the space domain in particular;
3. increase young people’s awareness of the importance of space, and of the ESA and national space programmes, for modern society and economy.
To this end, it supports both national and European institutional and industrial policies to attract the best talent to STEM professions, related to space in particular.
Start date: 1.11. 2020End date: 31.12.2022
TO budget: 110 000 €
Funded by the European Space Agency
ESERO Estonia website (in Estonian)
Comet Interceptor - OPIC Engineering Model Development
Comet Interceptor is the first F-class mission of the ESA Science Program, with a target launch date by 2028, together with the ARIEL mission. Tartu Observatory, Univsrsity of Tartu is tasked with building the instrument Optical Periscopic Imager for Comets (OPIC) for taking close photos of the comet. The specific project is for developing the engineering model of OPIC for the internal mission deadline in 2022, for which time the instrument must be able to demonstrate critical functionality. ESA earmarked the funding based on proposal NPMC-CometInterceptor-EE-1, submitted to the National Project Managers Committee of the mission.
Start: 9.6.2020End: 29.2.2022
Budget: 400 000 €Funded by the European Space Agency
PI: Mihkel Pajusalu
Work group's (Tartu Observatory) websiteEstonian Research Information System webpage